Mata v. Avianca, Inc., 1:22-cv-01461 –

Utterly fascinating. Document #32, affadavit of Stephen Schwartz, is the most interesting.

Moral of the story: don’t use #ChatGPT to perform your legal (and probably other) research without verifying everything it comes up with through another channel.

#westLaw #nexisLexis legal court documents open access


《 🔗

ContentMover development update

MastodonContentMover version 0.01.00 is now available for (very) early-stage development testing 🎉🥳

Please see the project website for information on how to download and run the tool:

Code enthusiasts can browse the source at

A special thank you to @andregasser and @bocops for their endless patience and support, and all their hard work on the #BigBone library on which MastodonContentMover depends 🙏》

Beatrix Potter’s famous tales are rooted in stories told by enslaved Africans – but she was very quiet about their origins

WOW. Here’s a taste, but this entire article is dynamite:

《Potter knew Harris’s Brer Rabbit folktales as a child, having first encountered them in her father Rupert Potter’s library in their grand London home. Copies of the collections Songs and Sayings and its sequel Night with Uncle Remus were found at her farmhouse home in Sawrey in the Lake District after she died in 1943. Each bore her father’s bookplate.

These stories had not been published in the UK when Beatrix Potter was a child. It is therefore likely that her early contact with the Brer Rabbit tales (in comparison with the rest of the British public) was a result of her family roots in the cotton industry.

Her grandfather, Edmund Potter (1802–1883), was a Manchester cotton mill owner and industrialist. He became wealthy in the calico printing business, a cotton cloth originating from India.

Under the British East India Company (1600-1874), the cotton industry was an exploitative one. Cotton was grown by “peasant cultivators” in India who were heavily taxed. At the same time, the growth of demand in Britain and the development of British weaving techniques destroyed the traditional Indian cotton manufacturing industry.

A black and white photo of three people in front of a house.
Rupert Potter with Beatrix and her brother Walter. Historic Images/Alamy

In Manchester, Edmund Potter introduced precision machinery to his calico printing process. By 1883, his mill employed 350 workers – many of them children, according to Lear’s biography – and was the world’s largest calico printing factory.

A great portion of Edmund Potter’s wealth was passed on to Beatrix’s father, Rupert, a lawyer and photographer. He married a wealthy heiress, Helen Leech, whose family had also made a fortune in Manchester’s cotton industry by owning several cotton-spinning mills. By the early 19th century, the raw cotton used in these mills was sourced from the Americas, including from the Sea Islands region and Charleston in South Carolina.

This was the time of Manchester’s emergence as the world’s “cotton capital”. The city’s economic success was deeply connected to the enslavement of African people. Its industry predominantly involved the production of cloth made from raw cotton that had been picked by enslaved people on plantations in the Caribbean and US.

Many of the dyes such as logwood used in the printing of cotton were also imported from places such as Belize (known then as British Honduras) in the British Caribbean, and would have been harvested by enslaved people.

So, was it the Potter family’s connections with the cotton industry, the US, and the slave trade that brought a plantation Brer Rabbit into the Potter household?》

It’s easy to see white supremacy as the thinking of extremists. We know that’s not true | Nels Abbey | The Guardian

«To us, white supremacy is not just an armed white man with a swastika tattooed on his forehead. It is the 1994 Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act (called by then senator Joe Biden, who drafted the legislation, “Biden’s bill”) juxtaposed with the Anti-drug Abuse Act of 1986 – which together led to the mass incarceration of, principally, Black men. It also explains the enormous sentencing disparity between powder cocaine and cheaper crack cocaine, which was more widely available in poorer and predominantly Black communities. Under the 100-1 crack versus powder cocaine disparity that existed before 2010 (when it was reduced to 18-1), the distribution of just 5g of crack, versus 500g of powder cocaine, carried a minimum five-year federal prison sentence. It also explains the difference in coverage, criminalising and compassion between the “crack epidemic” and the “opioid crisis”.»

NC approves first ‘Jim Crow’ state historical markers | Raleigh News & Observer

Interesting story.

«The advisory committee initially considered the proposed marker for Spicely in December. Some members were uneasy commemorating what was essentially a lynching without being able to say what impact it had on the state.

Others made the connection between Spicely and Rosa Parks, whose arrest for refusing to move to the back of a bus in Montgomery, Alabama, in 1955 became a flashpoint in the civil rights movement. As Spicely and others show, the story didn’t begin there, said Watson Jennison, a professor at UNC Greensboro.

“It changes the narrative about when the civil rights movement begins,” Jennison said. “It’s not Rosa Parks in ‘55. Instead, it’s all these Black men and women in the ‘40s who are doing similar struggles on an individual basis. So it really leads to something much larger.”


They decided to see how other historical markers referred to Jim Crow, and a staff member took a few minutes to search the database of all 1,600 markers. It was then that they realized the phase had never appeared on a state historical marker.


On Tuesday, the advisory committee voted to approval the final language:

“Booker T. Spicely 1909-1944

Black U.S. Army soldier shot nearby in 1944 for resisting Jim Crow laws on a bus. Aftermath of killing helped revitalize North Carolina’s NAACP.”»