«Black Europeans remain an aberration, in the collective imagination. Or at best a ‘new’ phenomenon, erasing the reality that Britain has never been exclusively white.»
Lev. 19.33-34: «When a stranger resides with you in your land, you shall not wrong him. The stranger who resides with you shall be to you as one of your citizens; you shall love him as yourself, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt: I the LORD am your God.» (https://www.sefaria.org/Leviticus.19?lang=en&aliyot=0)
It has occurred to me recently that the “aliens among you” passage refers not just to the newly-arrived but to ALL “others”, because we have always had those we consider “others” living “among us”. If you consider that the ancient Hebrews arrived in ancient Israel organically or via in-migration (which I do), then they would have always had “aliens” loving among them; it would have been part of their daily condition from birth, even if they didn’t know or remember that they, themselves, were immigrants (and of which they are directly reminded).
Humans have been traveling farther and for a longer time, and mixing a lot more than we think, because we think tribally.